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Congestive Heart Failure Specialist

South Mountain Cardiology

Cardiology located in Tempe, AZ

Getting an early diagnosis and treatment gives you a chance to manage congestive heart failure and slow down or prevent progressive heart problems. At South Mountain Cardiology, Nadeem Husain, MD, FACC, Patti Cox, MSN, ARNP, and Kim Munneke, MSN, FNP-C, have extensive experience using today’s most advanced treatments for congestive heart failure, including remote monitoring of pacemakers so they can make immediate treatment adjustments in real-time. At the first sign of symptoms, call the office in Tempe, Arizona, or book an appointment online today.

Congestive Heart Failure Q & A

What is congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure occurs when your heart can’t pump blood effectively. That can happen when your heart muscles lose strength and can’t force enough blood through the heart.

You may also develop heart failure if the muscles fail to fully relax. When the muscles don’t relax, the heart can’t draw in the usual amount of blood. In both cases, less blood goes out to your body.

What causes congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure most often develops due to an underlying heart condition, such as:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart valve disease
  • Heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis)
  • Irregular heartbeat (heart arrhythmia)
  • Thyroid disease
  • Diabetes 

Diabetes leads to congestive heart failure when high blood sugar damages nerves and blood vessels associated with your heart.

What symptoms develop if I have congestive heart failure? 

Your symptoms may start out small and slowly get worse, or you might not have any symptoms and suddenly experience severe signs, including:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Difficulty exercising
  • Persistent cough
  • Need to urinate during the night
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling in your abdomen
  • Swelling in your legs, ankles, and feet

The swelling caused by heart failure, called edema, is due to fluid building up in your body. 

How is congestive heart failure treated?

The team at South Mountain Cardiology offers exceptional care for congestive heart failure using state-of-the-art diagnostic tools and the latest treatment options. Your treatment plan may include one or more of the following: 

Lifestyle changes

Following a healthy diet that limits salt, getting regular exercise, losing weight, and stopping smoking ease your symptoms and may help you avoid medications or procedures. 

Medications

Your provider may prescribe medications that take the stress off your heart by improving blood flow, lowering your blood pressure, or increasing the strength of muscle contractions. 

You may also need medications that eliminate excess fluid, ease chest pain, and reduce the risk of blood clots. Additionally, your provider may give you medications to lower your cholesterol, blood pressure, or blood sugar. 

Cardiac procedures

Depending on the cause of your heart failure, your provider may perform a procedure to implant a medical device or correct heart problems. A few examples include: 

  • Biventricular pacemaker
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
  • Mechanical heart pump
  • Angioplasty and stenting
  • Heart valve repair
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy

If you experience chest pain or other symptoms of congestive heart failure, call South Mountain Cardiology or use the online booking feature today.